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  1. Spread of resistant bacteria causes severe morbidity and mortality. Stringent control measures can be expensive and disrupt hospital organization. In the present study, we assessed the effectiveness and cost-e...

    Authors: Lidia Kardaś-Słoma, Sandra Fournier, Jean-Claude Dupont, Lise Rochaix, Gabriel Birgand, Jean-Ralph Zahar, François-Xavier Lescure, Solen Kernéis, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski and Jean-Christophe Lucet
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:117
  2. Antimicrobial resistance remains a major global public health concern, and antimicrobial dispensing in community pharmacies is an important factor in preventing this damage. However, the current literature foc...

    Authors: Elindayane Vieira de Souza, Lara Joana Santos Caxico Vieira, Sylmara Nayara Pereira dos Santos, Sabrina Cerqueira-Santos, Kérilin Stancine Santos Rocha and Divaldo Pereira de Lyra Jr
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:116
  3. Romania is one of the European countries reporting very high antimicrobial resistance (AMR) rates and consumption of antimicrobials. We aimed to characterize the AMR profiles and clonality of 304 multi-drug re...

    Authors: Irina Gheorghe-Barbu, Ilda Czobor Barbu, Laura Ioana Popa, Grațiela Grădișteanu Pîrcălăbioru, Marcela Popa, Luminița Măruțescu, Mihai Niță-Lazar, Alina Banciu, Cătălina Stoica, Ștefania Gheorghe, Irina Lucaciu, Oana Săndulescu, Simona Paraschiv, Marius Surleac, Daniela Talapan, Andrei Alexandru Muntean…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:115
  4. Staphylococcus aureus is one of the leading causes of bloodstream infections (BSI) worldwide. In Brazil, the hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus USA100/SCCmecII lineage replaced the previously well-...

    Authors: Mariana Fernandes Augusto, Débora Cristina da Silva Fernandes, Tamara Lopes Rocha de Oliveira, Fernanda Sampaio Cavalcante, Raiane Cardoso Chamon, Adriana Lúcia Pires Ferreira, Simone Aranha Nouér and Kátia Regina Netto dos Santos
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:114
  5. Surgical site infection (SSI) after acute hip fracture surgery is a devastating complication associated with increased suffering and mortality. The aim of the study was to investigate early SSI, sepsis, pneumo...

    Authors: Annette Erichsen Andersson, Brigid M. Gillespie, Magnus Karlsson, Henrik Malchau, Bengt Nellgård, Ewa Wikström, Cecilia Rogmark and Jonatan Tillander
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:113
  6. In low- and middle-income countries, surveillance of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is mostly hospital-based and, in view of poor access to clinical microbiology, biased to more resistant pathogens. We aimed t...

    Authors: Annelies S. Post, I. Guiraud, M. Peeters, P. Lompo, S. Ombelet, I. Karama, S. Yougbaré, Z. Garba, E. Rouamba, H. Tinto and Jan Jacobs
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:112
  7. During the COVID-19 pandemic, Nyeri County in Kenya was among the regions reporting a high number of confirmed cases. This exemplified the increased need of addressing potential antimicrobial resistance (AMR) ...

    Authors: George Kimathi, Jackline Kiarie, Lydiah Njarambah, Jorum Onditi and David Ojakaa
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:111
  8. Evaluation of the appropriateness of the duration of antimicrobial treatment is a cornerstone of antibiotic stewardship programs, but it is time-consuming. Furthermore, it is often restricted to antibiotics pr...

    Authors: Annemieke K. van den Broek, Jara R. de la Court, Thomas Groot, Reinier M. van Hest, Caroline E. Visser, Kim C. E. Sigaloff, Rogier P. Schade and Jan M. Prins
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:110
  9. Rational antibiotic prescription (RAP) refers to the purposeful and appropriate antibiotic prescription with correct dose and course to produce the most possible benefits and less possible side effects. Identi...

    Authors: Ramin Sami, Kobra Salehi, Raheleh Sadegh, Hamid Solgi and Vajihe Atashi
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:109
  10. Discontinuation of antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) and increased antibiotic use were described during SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. In order to measure COVID-19 impact on ASPs in a setting of high multidrug r...

    Authors: Agnese Comelli, Camilla Genovese, Andrea Lombardi, Chiara Bobbio, Luigia Scudeller, Umberto Restelli, Antonio Muscatello, Spinello Antinori, Paolo Bonfanti, Salvatore Casari, Antonella Castagna, Francesco Castelli, Antonella d’Arminio Monforte, Fabio Franzetti, Paolo Grossi, Matteo Lupi…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:108
  11. Healthcare-associated infections remain a preventable cause of patient harm in healthcare. Full documentation of adherence to evidence-based best practices for each patient can support monitoring and promotion...

    Authors: Alen Hascic, Aline Wolfensberger, Lauren Clack, Peter W. Schreiber, Stefan P. Kuster and Hugo Sax
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:107
  12. Logistical and economic barriers hamper community-level surveillance for antimicrobial-resistant bacteria in low-income countries. Latrines are commonly used in these settings and offer a low-cost source of su...

    Authors: Sylvia Omulo, Maina Mugoh, Joshua Obiya, Moshe Alando and Douglas R. Call
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:106
  13. Peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVC) are commonly used in hospital worldwide. However, PIVC are not exempt from complications. Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) increase morbidity and mortalit...

    Authors: Ian Blanco-Mavillard, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Gaizka Parra-García, Miguel Ángel Rodríguez-Calero, Miquel Bennasar-Veny, Ismael Fernández-Fernández, Harri Lorente-Neches and Joan de Pedro-Gómez
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:105
  14. Vaginal discharge syndrome (VDS) is a common condition. Clinical management targets sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and bacterial vaginosis (BV); there is limited focus on Candida infection as cause of VDS...

    Authors: Cara M. Dunaiski, Marleen M. Kock, Hyunsul Jung and Remco P. H. Peters
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:104
  15. Multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) carriage may have an adverse impact on the quality of life of carriers, in particular those who have experienced hospital precautionary measures. This study aims to gain a d...

    Authors: Ruth Baron, Renske Eilers, Manon R. Haverkate, Sabiena G. Feenstra and Aura Timen
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:103
  16. In many jurisdictions healthcare workers (HCWs) are using respirators for aerosol-generating medical procedures (AGMPs) performed on adult and pediatric populations with all suspect/confirmed viral respiratory...

    Authors: Jenine Leal, Brenlea Farkas, Liza Mastikhina, Jordyn Flanagan, Becky Skidmore, Charleen Salmon, Devika Dixit, Stephanie Smith, Stephen Tsekrekos, Bonita Lee, Joseph Vayalumkal, Jessica Dunn, Robyn Harrison, Melody Cordoviz, Roberta Dubois, Uma Chandran…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:102
  17. We investigated the trend change in vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA)/heterogeneous VISA (hVISA) prevalence among methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) bacteremia strains and antistaphylococca...

    Authors: Yu Ri Kang, Si-Ho Kim, Doo Ryeon Chung, Jae-Hoon Ko, Kyungmin Huh, Sun Young Cho, Cheol-In Kang and Kyong Ran Peck
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:101
  18. An effective use of surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) appears essential to prevent the development of infections linked to surgery while inappropriate and excessive prescriptions of prophylactic antibiotic...

    Authors: Antonelle Pardo, Vianney Ntabaza, Mathieu Rivolta, Aline Goulard, Serge Sténuit, Remy Demeester, Sandrine Milas, Pierre Duez, Stéphanie Patris, Marc Joris, Philippe Dony and Soraya Cherifi
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:100
  19. Spread of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) is a global concern as a significant cause of healthcare-associated infections. A series of VRE faecium (VREf) outbreaks caused by clonal propagation due to inter...

    Authors: Norihiro Saito, Junichi Kitazawa, Hiroko Horiuchi, Takeo Yamamoto, Masahiko Kimura, Fumio Inoue, Mika Matsui, Satoko Minakawa, Masamichi Itoga, Junichiro Tsuchiya, Satowa Suzuki, Junzo Hisatsune, Yoshiaki Gu, Motoyuki Sugai and Hiroyuki Kayaba
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:99
  20. In 2016, a study in a Dutch nursing home showed prolonged colonization duration of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing (ESBL)-ST131 compared to ESBL-non-ST131. In this study, we assessed the duration of recta...

    Authors: Veronica Weterings, Wouter van den Bijllaardt, Martin Bootsma, Yvonne Hendriks, Linda Kilsdonk, Ans Mulders and Jan Kluytmans
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:98
  21. Healthcare workers often experience skin dryness and irritation from performing hand hygiene frequently. Low acceptability and tolerability of a formulation are barriers to hand hygiene compliance, though litt...

    Authors: Alexandra Peters, Jennifer Carry, Charlotte Cave, Julien Sauser and Didier Pittet
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:97
  22. Central line–associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) remain a critical and possibly fatal outcome of hospitalization. Use of central venous catheter (CVC) bundles can considerably reduce CLABSI rates in ho...

    Authors: Vassiliki Pitiriga, John Bakalis, Elsa Kampos, Petros Kanellopoulos, George Saroglou and Athanasios Tsakris
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:96
  23. Microbial etiology for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is evolving with pathogens known for high CAP mortality e.g., Pseudomonas species. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients are at risk for h...

    Authors: Adeniyi J. Idigo, J. Michael Wells, Matthew L. Brown, Howard W. Wiener, Russell L. Griffin, Gary Cutter, Sadeep Shrestha and Rachael A. Lee
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:95
  24. Rational use of antibiotics (AB) and infection prevention and control (IPC) are key measures for reducing antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in healthcare. Nonetheless, transferring evidence into clinical practice...

    Authors: Martin Pin, Rajan Somasundaram, Christian Wrede, Frank Schwab, Petra Gastmeier and Sonja Hansen
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:94
  25. The approval of ethanol by the Biocidal Products Regulation has been under evaluation since 2007. This follows concern over alcohol uptake from ethanol-based hand rubs (EBHR). If ethanol is classified as carci...

    Authors: Axel Kramer, Mardjan Arvand, Bärbel Christiansen, Stephanie Dancer, Maren Eggers, Martin Exner, Dieter Müller, Nico T. Mutters, Ingeborg Schwebke and Didier Pittet
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:93
  26. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a problem in residential aged care facilities (RACF). There is a gap in our understanding of how psychosocial barriers such as risk perceptions shape staff attitudes towards a...

    Authors: Saniya Singh, Chris Degeling, Dominic Fernandez, Amy Montgomery, Peter Caputi and Frank P. Deane
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:92
  27. For effective prevention of nosocomial transmissions continuous training and motivation of health care workers (HCW) are essential to maintain and increase compliance with high rates of hand hygiene. The use o...

    Authors: Vanessa M. Eichel, Christian Brandt, Juliane Brandt, Jonas M. Jabs and Nico T. Mutters
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:91
  28. The World Health Organization developed the Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) as a priority because of the increasing threat posed to human health, animal health and agriculture. Countries a...

    Authors: Angela Willemsen, Simon Reid and Yibeltal Assefa
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:90
  29. Carbapenem-resistant gram-negative bacteria (CRGNB) have become a public health concern worldwide. The risk factors associated with CRGNB infection after colonization are unknown, nor is the optimal timing of ...

    Authors: Qiqiang Liang, Juan Chen, Yongshan Xu, Yibing Chen and Man Huang
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:89
  30. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes community-acquired respiratory tract infections during winter. However, outbreaks in hospitals also occur repeatedly. In particular, patients with hematologic malignanc...

    Authors: Claas Baier, Jiabin Huang, Kerstin Reumann, Daniela Indenbirken, Felicitas Thol, Christian Koenecke, Ella Ebadi, Albert Heim, Franz-Christoph Bange, Sibylle Haid, Thomas Pietschmann and Nicole Fischer
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:88
  31. Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) represent a relevant problem for all healthcare facilities, because they involve both the care aspect and the economic management of the hospital. Most HAIs are preventa...

    Authors: Vincenzo Puro, Nicola Coppola, Andrea Frasca, Ivan Gentile, Francesco Luzzaro, Angela Peghetti and Gabriele Sganga
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:87
  32. Antibiotic resistance is a global health threat driven partly by self-medication with antibiotics (SMA). This study aims to assess the prevalence and predictors of SMA in selected rural and urban communities o...

    Authors: Richard James Mabilika, Emmanuel Mpolya and Gabriel Shirima
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:86
  33. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the leading global public health threats of the 21st Century. Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) programmes have been shown to improve antibiotic use and clinical outcomes...

    Authors: Ralalicia Limato, Alex Broom, Erni J. Nelwan and Raph L. Hamers
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:85
  34. Uncomplicated urinary tract infections (uUTIs) are one of the most common bacterial infections in the United States (US). Contemporary data are important for understanding the health economic impact of antimic...

    Authors: Jason Shafrin, Alen Marijam, Ashish V. Joshi, Fanny S. Mitrani-Gold, Katie Everson, Rifat Tuly, Peter Rosenquist, Michael Gillam and Maria Elena Ruiz
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:84
  35. Sepsis due to multidrug resistant (MDR) bacteria is a growing public health problem mainly in low-income countries.

    Authors: Melese Hailu Legese, Daniel Asrat, Göte Swedberg, Badrul Hasan, Amha Mekasha, Tadesse Getahun, Misganaw Worku, Eminet Tesfaye Shimber, Seid Getahun, Tsedale Ayalew, Birhan Gizachew, Abraham Aseffa and Adane Mihret
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:83
  36. Multidrug resistant organisms (MDROs) occur more commonly in burns patients than in other hospital patients and are an increasingly frequent cause of burn-related mortality. We examined the incidence, trends a...

    Authors: Heather Cleland, Lincoln M. Tracy, Alex Padiglione and Andrew J. Stewardson
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:82
  37. One possible transmission route for nosocomial pathogens is contaminated medical devices. Formation of biofilms can exacerbate the problem. We report on a carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae that had ca...

    Authors: Melanie S. Brunke, Katharina Konrat, Christoph Schaudinn, Brar Piening, Yvonne Pfeifer, Laura Becker, Ingeborg Schwebke and Mardjan Arvand
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:81
  38. Little is known about the bloodstream infection (BSI) risk associated with short-term peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) and no large study investigated the insertion site-related risk for PVC-BSI.

    Authors: Niccolò Buetti, Mohamed Abbas, Didier Pittet, Marie-Noëlle Chraiti, Valérie Sauvan, Marlieke E. A. De Kraker, Matthieu Boisson, Daniel Teixeira, Walter Zingg and Stephan Harbarth
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:80
  39. Antibiotics are synthetic or natural substances used to treat bacterial infectious diseases. When used incorrectly, they can be a factor in the development of antimicrobial resistance, increased treatment time...

    Authors: Sancho Pedro Xavier, Audêncio Victor, Graciano Cumaquela, Melsequisete Daniel Vasco and Osiyallê Akanni Silva Rodrigues
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:79
  40. When people who recently travelled abroad are admitted to a hospital back home, there is a risk of introducing highly resistant microorganisms (HRMO) into the hospital. To minimize this risk, a feasible infect...

    Authors: Anne F. Voor in ’t holt, Adriënne S. van der Schoor, Kees Mourik, Nikolaos Strepis, Corné H. W. Klaassen, Margreet C. Vos and Juliëtte A. Severin
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:78
  41. Hospital infection prevention and control (IPC) staff have played a key role in adapting and implementing jurisdictional COVID-19 policy during the current pandemic. We aimed to describe the experiences of IPC...

    Authors: Alisha Baswa, Philip L. Russo, Joseph S. Doyle, Darshini Ayton and Andrew J. Stewardson
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:77
  42. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacterales (ESBL-E) are a well-known cause of healthcare-associated infections. The implementation of single-occupancy rooms is believed to decrease the spread ...

    Authors: Adriënne S. van der Schoor, Juliëtte A. Severin, Anna S. van der Weg, Nikolaos Strepis, Corné H. W. Klaassen, Johannes P. C. van den Akker, Marco J. Bruno, Johanna M. Hendriks, Margreet C. Vos and Anne F. Voor in ’t holt
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:76
  43. Hand hygiene compliance is the problem of developing nations particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa including Ethiopia. Despite a lot of efforts have been employed, healthcare-associated infections are the existin...

    Authors: Melese Alene, Dessalegn Tamiru, Getaw Walle Bazie, Wondwosen Mebratu and Natnael Kebede
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:75
  44. Patients hospitalised for COVID-19 may present with or acquire bacterial or fungal infections that can affect the course of the disease. The aim of this study was to describe the microbiological characteristic...

    Authors: Marco Floridia, Marina Giuliano, Monica Monaco, Luigi Palmieri, Cinzia Lo Noce, Anna Teresa Palamara, Annalisa Pantosti, Silvio Brusaferro and Graziano Onder
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:74
  45. There is a paucity of data regarding blood culture utilization and antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) infections in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). In addition, there has been a concern for increasing AMR ...

    Authors: Robert Sinto, Khie Chen Lie, Siti Setiati, Suhendro Suwarto, Erni J. Nelwan, Dean Handimulya Djumaryo, Mulya Rahma Karyanti, Ari Prayitno, Sumariyono Sumariyono, Catrin E. Moore, Raph L. Hamers, Nicholas P. J. Day and Direk Limmathurotsakul
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:73
  46. Sepsis is one of the most important complications in preterm infants. For this reason, most preterm infants receive antibiotics during their first postnatal week. Since 2013, a weekly colonization screening ha...

    Authors: Caren Bubser, Jan Liese, Lina Maria Serna-Higuita, Andreas Müller, Matthias Vochem, Jörg Arand, Ulrich Karck, Maximilian Gross, Christian F. Poets, Christoph Härtel, Michael Zemlin, Christian Gille and Natascha Köstlin-Gille
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:72
  47. The current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic continues to underscore the inadequacy of infection prevention and control (IPC) and the importance of its sound establishment in healthcare facilities. The Infection Prevention...

    Authors: Yoolwon Jeong, Hyeyoung Joo, Hyunjung Bahk, Hyunsuk Koo, Hyungmin Lee and Kinam Kim
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:71
  48. Given the increasing incidence of Clostridioides difficile infections in Korea, there has been an increase in inappropriate testing for C. difficile, which has rendered overdiagnosis of asymptomatic colonisers co...

    Authors: Hee Bum Jo, Sin Young Ham, Jongtak Jung, Song Mi Moon, Nak-Hyun Kim, Kyoung-Ho Song, Jeong Su Park, Kyoung Un Park, Eu Suk Kim and Hong Bin Kim
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:70
  49. Healthcare associated infections are of significant burden in Australia and globally. Previous estimates in Australia have relied on single-site studies, or combinations thereof, which have suggested the burde...

    Authors: M. J. Lydeamore, B. G. Mitchell, T. Bucknall, A. C. Cheng, P. L. Russo and A. J. Stewardson
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:69
  50. Uganda remains one of the countries with the highest burden of TB/HIV. Drug-resistant TB remains a substantial challenge to TB control globally and requires new strategic effective control approaches. Drug res...

    Authors: Jupiter Marina Kabahita, Joel Kabugo, Francis Kakooza, Isa Adam, Ocung Guido, Henry Byabajungu, Joanitah Namutebi, Maria Magdalene Namaganda, Pius Lutaaya, James Otim, Fredrick Elishama Kakembo, Stephen Kanyerezi, Patricia Nabisubi, Ivan Sserwadda, George William Kasule, Hasfah Nakato…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022 11:68