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  1. The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has again demonstrated the critical role of effective infection prevention and control (IPC) implementation to combat infectious disease threats. Standards such...

    Authors: Sara Tomczyk, Julie Storr, Claire Kilpatrick and Benedetta Allegranzi

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:113

    Content type: Research

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  2. A total lockdown for pandemic SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) entailed a restriction of elective orthopedic surgeries in Switzerland.  While access to the hospital and human contacts were limited, hygiene measures were ...

    Authors: Ines Unterfrauner, Laura A. Hruby, Peter Jans, Ludwig Steinwender, Mazda Farshad and Ilker Uçkay

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:112

    Content type: Research

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  3. Colistin is widely used in the treatment of nosocomial infections caused by carbapenem-resistant gram-negative bacilli (CR-GNB). Colistin-induced nephrotoxicity is one of the major adverse reactions during col...

    Authors: Jia-Yih Feng, Yi-Tzu Lee, Sheng-Wei Pan, Kuang-Yao Yang, Yuh-Min Chen, David Hung-Tsang Yen, Szu-Yuan Li and Fu-Der Wang

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:111

    Content type: Research

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  4. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common cause of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Rapid and accurate detection of lower respiratory tract colonization and/or infection with P. aeruginosa may advise targeted prev...

    Authors: Thomas Ewout van der Schalk, Jasmine Coppens, Leen Timbermont, Agata Turlej-Rogacka, Liesbet Van Heirstraeten, Matilda Berkell, Li Yu, Christine Lammens, Basil Britto Xavier, Veerle Matheeussen, Margareta Ieven, Michael McCarthy, Philippe G. Jorens, Alexey Ruzin, Mark T. Esser, Samir Kumar-Singh…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:110

    Content type: Research

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  5. Laparoscopy is a minimally-invasive surgical procedure that uses long slender instruments that require much smaller incisions than conventional surgery. This leads to faster recovery times, fewer post-surgical...

    Authors: Daniel Robertson, Jesudian Gnanaraj, Linda Wauben, Jan Huijs, Vasanth Mark Samuel, Jenny Dankelman and Tim Horeman-Franse

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:109

    Content type: Research

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  6. Sequence type (ST) 17 vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREF) is frequently isolated in nosocomial settings. The aim of this study was to identify whether ST17 contributes to subsequent bacteremia more o...

    Authors: Si-Ho Kim, Sun Young Cho, Hye Mee Kim, Kyungmin Huh, Cheol-In Kang, Kyong Ran Peck and Doo Ryeon Chung

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:108

    Content type: Research

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  7. Norovirus outbreaks cause severe medico-socio-economic problems affecting healthcare workers and patients. The aim of the study was to investigate prevalence of norovirus infection and risk factors for infecti...

    Authors: Kjell Torén, Linus Schiöler, Nancy P. Nenonen, Charles Hannoun, Anette Roth, Lars-Magnus Andersson, Johan Westin and Tomas Bergström

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:107

    Content type: Research

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  8. Globally, tuberculosis (TB) is a leading cause of death from a single infectious agent. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at increased risk of hospital-acquired TB infection due to persistent exposure to Mycobacteriu...

    Authors: Ana Paleckyte, Oshani Dissanayake, Stella Mpagama, Marc C. Lipman and Timothy D. McHugh

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:106

    Content type: Review

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  9. Antimicrobial resistance is an emerging problem worldwide and poses a significant threat to human health. Antimicrobial stewardship programmes are being implemented in health systems globally, primarily in hos...

    Authors: Jun Wern Yau, Sze Mun Thor, Danny Tsai, Tobias Speare and Chris Rissel

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:105

    Content type: Review

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  10. Multiple room occupancy is common in Nursing Homes (NHs), and its role in transmission of antibiotic-resistant pathogens is unclear. We investigated prevalence of patient colonization and environmental contami...

    Authors: Marco Cassone, Meghan Linder, Cheon Jee Shin, Julia Mantey, Kristen Gibson, Bonnie Lansing and Lona Mody

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:104

    Content type: Short report

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  11. Evaluation of the extent and appropriateness of antimicrobial use is a cornerstone of antibiotic stewardship programs, but it is time-consuming. Documentation of the indication at the moment of prescription mi...

    Authors: Annemieke K. van den Broek, Berend H. H. Beishuizen, Eric A. F. Haak, Michiel Duyvendak, Jaap ten Oever, Chris Sytsma, Mieke van Triest, Cornelia C. H. Wielders and Jan M. Prins

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:103

    Content type: Research

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  12. In late 2019, a novel coronavirus was detected in China. Supported by its respiratory transmissibility, even by people infected without symptomatic disease, this coronavirus soon began to rapidly spread worldw...

    Authors: Julian Zirbes, Christian M. Sterr, Marcus Steller, Laura Dapper, Claudia Nonnenmacher-Winter and Frank Günther

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:102

    Content type: Research

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  13. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of respiratory tract infections in young children. The predominant transmission routes for RSV are still a matter of debate. Specifically, it remains unclear ...

    Authors: Jasmin S. Kutter, Dennis de Meulder, Theo M. Bestebroer, Jeroen J. A. van Kampen, Richard Molenkamp, Ron A. M. Fouchier, Jérôme O. Wishaupt, Pieter L. A. Fraaij and Sander Herfst

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:100

    Content type: Research

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  14. The unrestricted use of linezolid has been linked to the emergence of linezolid-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (LRSE). We report the effects of combined antibiotic stewardship and infection control measures...

    Authors: Cihan Papan, Matthias Schröder, Mathias Hoffmann, Heike Knoll, Katharina Last, Frederic Albrecht, Jürgen Geisel, Tobias Fink, Barbara C. Gärtner, Alexander Mellmann, Thomas Volk, Fabian K. Berger and Sören L. Becker

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:99

    Content type: Research

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  15. Infection is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among burn patients, and bloodstream infection (BSI) is the most serious. This study aimed to evaluate the epidemiology and clinical outcomes of BSI in...

    Authors: Yangmin Hu, Danyang Li, Lingcheng Xu, Yuping Hu, Yiwen Sang, Gensheng Zhang and Haibin Dai

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:98

    Content type: Research

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  16. With inappropriate use of antimicrobials becoming a great public health concern globally, the issue of applying clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) to regulate the rational use of antimicrobials has attracted ...

    Authors: Qingwen Deng, Zhichao Zeng, Yuhang Zheng, Junhong Lu and Wenbin Liu

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:97

    Content type: Research

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  17. Colistin is regarded as a last-resort antimicrobial against multi-drug resistant Gram-negative bacteria (GNB), therefore the dissemination of colistin resistance in the environment is of great concern. Horizon...

    Authors: Yolandi Snyman, Andrew C. Whitelaw, Jo M. Barnes, Motlatji R. B. Maloba and Mae Newton-Foot

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:96

    Content type: Research

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  18. Rapid molecular diagnostic tests to investigate the microbial aetiology of pneumonias may improve treatment and antimicrobial stewardship in intensive care units (ICUs). Clinicians’ endorsement and uptake of t...

    Authors: Alyssa M. Pandolfo, Robert Horne, Yogini Jani, Tom W. Reader, Natalie Bidad, David Brealey, Virve I. Enne, David M. Livermore, Vanya Gant and Stephen J. Brett

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:95

    Content type: Research

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  19. Antibiotic resistance is a threat to global child health. Primary healthcare workers play a key role in antibiotic stewardship in the community, but few studies in low-income countries have described their exp...

    Authors: Matilda Emgård, Rose Mwangi, Celina Mayo, Ester Mshana, Gertrud Nkini, Rune Andersson, Sia E. Msuya, Margret Lepp, Florida Muro and Susann Skovbjerg

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:94

    Content type: Research

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  20. Accessibility to alcohol-based handrub (ABHR) dispenser is crucial to improve compliance to hand hygiene (HH), being offered as wall-mounted dispensers (ABHR-Ds), and/or pocket bottles. Nevertheless, informati...

    Authors: Sabine Kuster, Jan A. Roth, Reno Frei, Christoph A. Meier, Marc Dangel and Andreas F. Widmer

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:93

    Content type: Research

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  21. The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance and infectious agents have challenged hospitals in recent decades. Our aim was to investigate the circulation of target infectious agents using Geographic I...

    Authors: Priscila Pinho da Silva, Fabiola A. da Silva, Caio Augusto Santos Rodrigues, Leonardo Passos Souza, Elisangela Martins de Lima, Maria Helena B. Pereira, Claudio Neder Candella, Marcio Zenaide de Oliveira Alves, Newton D. Lourenço, Wagner S. Tassinari, Christovam Barcellos and Marisa Zenaide Ribeiro Gomes

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:92

    Content type: Research

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  22. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the greatest global health challenges today, but burden assessment is hindered by uncertainty of AMR prevalence estimates. Geographical representation of AMR estimates ...

    Authors: Erta Kalanxhi, Gilbert Osena, Geetanjali Kapoor and Eili Klein

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:91

    Content type: Research

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  23. Understaffing has been previously reported as a risk factor for central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI). No previous study addressed the question whether fluctuations in staffing have an impact...

    Authors: Thomas Scheier, Stefan P. Kuster, Mesida Dunic, Christian Falk, Hugo Sax and Peter W. Schreiber

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:90

    Content type: Research

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  24. Self-medication is one of the most common forms of inappropriate use of antibiotics. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of self-medication with antibiotics (SMA) in China and evaluate the related factors.

    Authors: Xiaoxv Yin, Ketao Mu, Heping Yang, Jing Wang, Zhenyuan Chen, Nan Jiang, Fengjie Yang, Guopeng Zhang and Jianxiong Wu

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:89

    Content type: Research

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  25. Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) is a global threat. Enterobacterales develops carbapenem resistance through several mechanisms, including the production of carbapenemases. We aim to describe the preva...

    Authors: Wantana Paveenkittiporn, Meghan Lyman, Caitlin Biedron, Nora Chea, Charatdao Bunthi, Amy Kolwaite and Noppavan Janejai

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:88

    Content type: Research

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  26. During the intensive care units’ (ICUs) reorganization that was forced by the COVID-19 emergency, attention to traditional infection control measures may have been reduced. Nevertheless, evidence on the effect...

    Authors: V. Baccolini, G. Migliara, C. Isonne, B. Dorelli, L. C. Barone, D. Giannini, D. Marotta, M. Marte, E. Mazzalai, F. Alessandri, F. Pugliese, G. Ceccarelli, C. De Vito, C. Marzuillo, M. De Giusti and P. Villari

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:87

    Content type: Research

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  27. Knowledge of infection prevention and control (IPC) procedures among healthcare workers (HCWs) is crucial for effective IPC. Compliance with IPC measures has critical implications for HCWs safety, patient prot...

    Authors: Saad Alhumaid, Abbas Al Mutair, Zainab Al Alawi, Murtadha Alsuliman, Gasmelseed Y. Ahmed, Ali A. Rabaan, Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq and Awad Al-Omari

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:86

    Content type: Research

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  28. The Australian National Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy calls for a collaborative effort to change practices that have contributed to the development of drug-resistance and for implementation of new initiati...

    Authors: Gregory Merlo, Minyon Avent, Trent Yarwood, Bonnie Smith, Mieke van Driel and Lisa Hall

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:85

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  29. Environmental surface decontamination is a crucial tool to prevent the spread of infections in hospitals. However, manual cleaning and disinfection may be insufficient to eliminate pathogens from contaminated ...

    Authors: Füszl Astrid, Zatorska Beata, Van den Nest Miriam, Ebner Julia, Presterl Elisabeth and Diab-Elschahawi Magda

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:84

    Content type: Research

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  30. With the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, many healthcare facilities are lacking a steady supply of masks worldwide. This emergency situation warrants the taking of extraordinary measures to minimize the negative ...

    Authors: Alexandra Peters, Rafael Palomo, Hervé Ney, Nasim Lotfinejad, Walter Zingg, Pierre Parneix and Didier Pittet

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:83

    Content type: Review

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  31. Aerosolization may occur during reprocessing of medical devices. With the current coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, it is important to understand the necessity of using respirators in the cleaning area of the...

    Authors: Camila Quartim de Moraes Bruna, Caroline Lopes Ciofi-Silva, Anderson Vicente de Paula, Lucy Santos Villas Boas, Noely Evangelista Ferreira, Tania R. Tozetto-Mendoza, Maria Cássia Mendes Correa and Kazuko Uchikawa Graziano

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:82

    Content type: Short report

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  32. Computerisation of various processes in hospitals and reliance on electronic devices raises the concern of contamination of these devices from the patient environment. We undertook this study to determine if a...

    Authors: Surinder Kaur M. S. Pada, Poh Lishi, Kim Sim Ng, Sarathamani Rethenam, Lilibeth Silagan Alenton, Poh Ling Chee, Wilma Guo, Yin Maw Hsann, Carmen Wan Rong Cheng, Chiou Horng Ong, Ratnayake Lasantha, Douglas Chan and Paul Anantharajah Tambyah

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:81

    Content type: Research

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  33. The primary goal of hand hygiene is to reduce infectious disease rates. We examined if a nursing home’s participation in a hand hygiene intervention resulted in residents having fewer healthcare associated inf...

    Authors: G. R. Teesing, J. H. Richardus, D. Nieboer, M. Petrignani, V. Erasmus, A. Verduijn-Leenman, J. M. G. A. Schols, M. P. G. Koopmans, M. C. Vos and H. A. C. M. Voeten

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:80

    Content type: Research

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  34. The epidemiology of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) has undergone dramatic changes, with CTX-M-type enzymes prevailing over other types. blaCTX-M genes, encoding CTX-M-type ESBLs, are usually found on plas...

    Authors: Misheck Shawa, Yoshikazu Furuta, Gillan Mulenga, Maron Mubanga, Evans Mulenga, Tuvshinzaya Zorigt, Christone Kaile, Manyando Simbotwe, Atmika Paudel, Bernard Hang’ombe and Hideaki Higashi

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:79

    Content type: Research

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  35. To analyse data from 2016–17 from a hospital-based antimicrobial resistance surveillance with national coverage in a network of hospitals Viet Nam.

    Authors: Tien Viet Dung Vu, Marc Choisy, Thi Thuy Nga Do, Van Minh Hoang Nguyen, James I. Campbell, Thi Hoi Le, Vu Trung Nguyen, Heiman F. L. Wertheim, Ngoc Thach Pham, Van Kinh Nguyen and H. Rogier van Doorn

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:78

    Content type: Research

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  36. Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. Water in the environment can be a source of infection linked to outbreaks and environmental ...

    Authors: Wing-Kee Yiek, Olga Coenen, Mayke Nillesen, Jakko van Ingen, Edmée Bowles and Alma Tostmann

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:77

    Content type: Review

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  37. Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB), including rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB, or RR-TB with additional isoniazid resistance), presents challenges to TB ...

    Authors: Gloria Bahizi, Robert Kaos Majwala, Stevens Kisaka, Abdunoor Nyombi, Kenneth Musisi, Benon Kwesiga, Lilian Bulage, Alex Riolexus Ario and Stavia Turyahabwe

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:76

    Content type: Research

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  38. Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is one of the most common pathogens causing nosocomial and community-acquired infections with high morbidity and mortality rates. Fusidic acid has been increasingly used for the ...

    Authors: Bahareh Hajikhani, Mehdi Goudarzi, Sareh Kakavandi, Sana Amini, Samira Zamani, Alex van Belkum, Hossein Goudarzi and Masoud Dadashi

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:75

    Content type: Review

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  39. To evaluate the ability of Weighted-Incidence Syndromic Combination Antibiograms (WISCA) to inform the selection of empirical antibiotic regimens for suspected paediatric community-acquired urinary tract infec...

    Authors: Elisa Barbieri, Daniele Bottigliengo, Matteo Tellini, Chiara Minotti, Mara Marchiori, Paola Cavicchioli, Dario Gregori, Carlo Giaquinto, Liviana Da Dalt and Daniele Donà

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:74

    Content type: Research

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  40. As part of the Global Action Plan against antimicrobial resistance (AMR), countries are required to generate local evidence to inform context-specific implementation of national action plans against AMR (NAPAR...

    Authors: Dimie Ogoina, Garba Iliyasu, Vivian Kwaghe, Akan Otu, Iorhen Ephram Akase, Olukemi Adekanmbi, Dalhat Mahmood, Micheal Iroezindu, Shamsudin Aliyu, Abisoye Sunday Oyeyemi, Stella Rotifa, Mukhtar Abdulmajid Adeiza, Uche Sonny Unigwe, Juliet Ijeoma Mmerem, Farouq Muhammad Dayyab, Zaiyad Garba Habib…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:73

    Content type: Research

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  41. The timing of and risk factors for intestinal colonization with multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (MDRE) are still poorly understood in areas with high MDRE carriage. We determined the prevalence, timing, an...

    Authors: Hannah R. Meredith, Sarath Kularatna, Kristin Nagaro, Ajith Nagahawatte, Champica Bodinayake, Ruvini Kurukulasooriya, Nishadhi Wijesingha, Lyndy B. Harden, Bhagya Piyasiri, Amr Hammouda, Brian M. Wiegmann, Bradly P. Nicholson, Maria Joyce, Christopher W. Woods, Arnoud H. M. Van Vliet, Siddhartha Thakur…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:72

    Content type: Research

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  42. The assessment of Hospital-acquired infections due to multidrug-resistant bacteria involves the use of a variety of commercial and laboratory-developed tests to detect antimicrobial resistance genes in bacteri...

    Authors: Cristian Pérez-Corrales, Valeria Peralta-Barquero and Christopher Mairena-Acuña

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:71

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Knowledge on the epidemiology, genotypic and phenotypic features of antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) ESKAPEE pathogens (Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Ps...

    Authors: Soo Tein Ngoi, Chun Wie Chong, Sasheela Sri La Sri Ponnampalavanar, Soo Nee Tang, Nuryana Idris, Kartini Abdul Jabar, Michael J. Gregory, Tupur Husain and Cindy Shuan Ju Teh

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:70

    Content type: Research

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  44. During the last decade carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) became hyper-endemic in hospitals due to difficult to control spreading. Our aim is to identify risk factors for nosocomial rectal CRAB c...

    Authors: Marianna Meschiari, Shaniko Kaleci, Gabriella Orlando, Silvia Selmi, Antonella Santoro, Erica Bacca, Marianna Menozzi, Erica Franceschini, Cinzia Puzzolante, Andrea Bedini, Mario Sarti, Claudia Venturelli, Elena Vecchi and Cristina Mussini

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:69

    Content type: Research

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  45. Antibacterial-resistant gram-negative infections are a serious risk to global public health. Resistant Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are highly prevalent, particularly in healthcare settings, and th...

    Authors: Laura Puzniak, Ryan Dillon, Thomas Palmer, Hannah Collings and Ashley Enstone

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:68

    Content type: Research

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  46. Prevention of surgical site infections (SSIs), which due to their long-term consequences are especially critical in orthopedic surgery, entails compliance with over 20 individual measures. However, little is k...

    Authors: Ivonne Tomsic, Ella Ebadi, Frank Gossé, Ina Hartlep, Pamela Schipper, Christian Krauth, Bettina Schock, Iris F. Chaberny and Thomas von Lengerke

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:67

    Content type: Research

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  47. Increasing antimicrobial resistance is a serious societal challenge affecting outpatient, inpatient and veterinary care. The German One-Health project, RAI (Rational use of Antibiotics via Information and Communi...

    Authors: Inga Petruschke, Florian Salm, Michelle Kaufmann, Antje Freytag, Jochen Gensichen, Michael Behnke, Tobias Siegfried Kramer, Regina Hanke, Petra Gastmeier and Sandra Schneider

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:66

    Content type: Research

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  48. Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a significant source of morbidity and mortality in the Asia–Pacific region (APAC), adversely impacting patient quality of life, fiscal productivity and placing a major econo...

    Authors: K. Morikane, P. L. Russo, K. Y. Lee, M. Chakravarthy, M. L. Ling, E. Saguil, M. Spencer, W. Danker, A. Seno and E. Edmiston Charles Jr

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:65

    Content type: Meeting Report

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  49. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Xuemei Zhen, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Xueshan Sun, Nina Zhu, Shuyan Gu and Hengjin Dong

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:64

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:5