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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of respondents

From: Impact of targeted educational intervention towards public knowledge and perception of antibiotic use and resistance in the state of Perak, Malaysia

Characteristics (N = 234) Frequency %
Gender   
 Male 91 38.9
 Female 143 61.1
Age# 40.66 ± 14.56  
Ethnicity   
 Malay 162 69.2
 Chinese 38 16.3
 Indian 29 12.4
 Others 5 2.1
Academic qualification   
 University 94 40.2
 Secondary high school 81 34.6
 Secondary lower school 45 19.2
 Primary or lower 14 6.0
Exposure to antibiotic awareness campaign   
 Yes 59 25.2
 No 175 74.8
1st degree family member in health care related job   
 Yes 120 51.3
 No 114 48.7
Duration of Last Taken Antibiotic (N = 233*)   
 Within one month ago 24 10.3
 Within 6 months 59 25.3
Within 1 year 31 13.3
 More than 1 year ago 99 42.5
 Have not taken before 20 8.6
Frequency of Antibiotic Consumption (N = 233*)   
 At least once a month 3 1.3
 At least once every 3 months 12 5.1
 At least once every 6 months 36 15.4
 At least once a year 64 27.5
 Less than once a year 98 42.1
 Have not taken before 20 8.6
Source of Antibiotic (N = 213)**   
 Own (leftover/sharing) 4 1.9
 Prescribed by doctor 205 96.2
 Purchase at retail pharmacy with prescription 6 2.8
 Purchase at retail pharmacy without prescription 9 4.2
 Private clinic without seeing doctor 5 2.3
  1. #Expressed as mean ± standard deviation
  2. *One missing data
  3. **Multiple selection was allowed
  4. **Respondents whom had never taken antibiotic before were excluded