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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate analyses of factors associated with non-prescription antibiotic use in participants for cough (N = 2400)

From: Non-prescriptionxx antibiotic use for people aged 15 years or older for cough in China: a community-based survey

Characteristics Non-prescription antibiotic use Univariable Multivariable
Yes
N (%)
No
N (%)
Crude OR (95% CI) P value Adjusted OR (95% CI) P value
Age (years)       
15–29 104 (12.46) 731 (87.54) Reference 0.003 Reference 0.198
30–44 107 (14.46) 633 (85.54) 1.170 (0.891–1.536) 0.258 1.241 (0.921–1.671) 0.156
≥ 45 82 (9.94) 743 (90.06) 0.644 (0.450–0.920) 0.016 0.926 (0.575–1.491) 0.752
Residence       
Urban 185 (13.30) 1206 (86.70) Reference   Reference  
Rural 108 (10.70) 901 (89.30) 0.781 (0.607–1.006) 0.056 0.799 (0.617–1.033) 0.087
Gender       
Male 144 (12.27) 1030 (87.73) Reference   Reference  
Female 149 (12.15) 1077 (87.85) 0.990 (0.775–1.264) 0.933 1.040 (0.805–1.345) 0.762
Occupation       
Student 18 (12.33) 128 (87.67) Reference 0.009 Reference 0.185
Unemployed 60 (10.31) 522 (89.69) 0.817 (0.466–1.432) 0.481 1.077 (0.561–2.069) 0.823
Business/service/food personnel 129 (15.52) 702 (84.48) 1.307 (0.771–2.215) 0.321 1.244 (0.697–2.223) 0.460
Professional 57 (10.18) 503 (89.82) 0.806 (0.458–1.417) 0.453 0.797 (0.427–1.486) 0.475
Farmers and workers 29 (10.32) 252 (89.68) 0.818 (0.438–1.529) 0.530 1.045 (0.518–2.105) 0.903
Education       
Primary school and below 39 (7.93) 453 (92.07) Reference 0.003 Reference 0.074
Middle school 184 (13.83) 1146 (86.17) 1.865 (1.298–2.679) 0.001 1.614 (1.069–2.436) 0.023
College and above 70 (12.11) 508 (87.89) 1.601 (1.060–2.416) 0.025 1.602 (0.955–2.687) 0.074
Child under 5 years old       
No 196 (12.83) 1332 (87.17) Reference   Reference  
Yes 97 (11.12) 775 (88.88) 0.851 (0.657–1.102) 0.221 0.730 (0.552–0.965) 0.027
Household income (CNY)       
< 100,000 167 (12.08) 1215 (87.92) Reference 0.825 Reference 0.628
100,000–199,999 88 (12.01) 645 (87.99) 0.993 (0.754–1.307) 0.958 0.877 (0.654–1.176) 0.382
≥ 200,000 38 (13.33) 247 (86.67) 1.119 (0.767–1.633) 0.559 1.020 (0.676–1.539) 0.926
Smoking status       
Yes 134 (12.65) 925 (87.35) Reference   Reference  
No 159 (11.86) 1182 (88.14) 0.929 (0.726–1.187) 0.554 0.977 (0.759–1.257) 0.855
Chronic disease       
No 254 (13.43) 1637 (86.57) Reference   Reference  
Yes 39 (7.66) 470 (92.34) 0.535 (0.376–0.761)  < 0.001 0.654 (0.441–0.969) 0.034
Knowledge score       
0–3 87 (9.68) 812 (90.32) Reference 0.001 Reference 0.008
4–6 134 (15.60) 725 (84.40) 1.725 (1.294–2.300)  < 0.001 1.511 (1.122–2.034) 0.007
7–9 72 (11.21) 570 (88.79) 1.179 (0.847–1.640) 0.328 1.037 (0.724–1.485) 0.842
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, CNY Chinese Yuan