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Table 6 Association between patient demographic characteristics and ESBL-E. coli bacteriuria episode among all E. coli bacteriuria episodes or drug-resistant E. coli bacteriuria episodes, multivariate analyses

From: Trends in prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli isolated from patients with community- and healthcare-associated bacteriuria: results from 2014 to 2020 in an urban safety-net healthcare system

  RR (95% CI)
  Community-onset Healthcare-onset/associated
  ESBL-E. coli among all E. coli episodes ESBL-E. coli among AMR E. coli episodes ESBL-E. coli among all E. coli episodes ESBL-E. coli among AMR E. coli episodes
Age category (years)     
0–17 (reference)     
18–34 0.84 (0.50, 1.41) 0.83 (0.51, 1.35) 1.87 (3.03E−19, 1.15E+19) 1.37 (3.78E−16, 5.01E+15)
35–64 1.41 (0.88, 2.26) 1.29 (0.81, 2.05) 3.92 (8.69E−23, 1.76E+23) 2.90 (4.64E−18, 1.81E+15)
65 +  1.88 (1.17, 3.05) 1.60 (0.98, 2.61) 2.74 (1.99E−22, 3.78E+22) 2.26 (4.17E−18, 1.23E+18)
Gender     
Female (reference)     
Male 2.12 (1.65, 2.73) 1.90 (1.50, 2.41) 1.53 (1.03, 2.26) 1.36 (0.96, 1.92)
Race/ethnicity     
Asian 0.96 (0.62, 1.48) 0.94 (0.62, 1.44) 0.78 (0.45, 1.35) 0.88 (0.51, 1.52)
Black 0.83 (0.52, 1.32) 0.83 (0.54, 1.26) 0.85 (0.50, 1.44) 0.79 (0.50, 1.26)
Latinx 1.52 (0.99, 2.33) 1.39 (0.98, 1.98) 1.35 (0.72, 2.54) 1.20 (0.73, 1.97)
Other 1.41 (0.84, 2.35) 1.28 (0.82, 1.99) 0.93 (0.50, 1.73) 0.94 (0.53, 1.66)
White (reference)     
Preferred language     
Chinese dialect 1.36 (0.86, 2.15) 1.39 (0.88, 2.21) 1.15 (0.53, 2.47) 1.12 (0.55, 2.25)
English (reference)     
Other 1.18 (0.76, 1.83) 1.25 (0.80, 1.94) 1.41 (0.77, 2.56) 1.33 (0.74, 2.39)
Spanish 0.97 (0.73, 1.30) 0.88 (0.67, 1.17) 0.90 (0.50, 1.60) 0.85 (0.53, 1.37)
  1. Note: Multivariate logistic regressions including all variables presented above. Cluster bootstrap confidence intervals presented. Data from a public healthcare system; RR: risk ratio, ESBL: extended-spectrum beta-lactamase, AMR: antimicrobial resistant