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Table 3 Knowledge on Antibiotics Use

From: Impact of targeted educational intervention towards public knowledge and perception of antibiotic use and resistance in the state of Perak, Malaysia

Code Statements Pre-intervention [Pre] (N = 234) Post-intervention p Value *
Immediate [P1] (N = 234) 2 weeks [P2] (N = 234)
Correct responses n (%) Correct responses n (%)
KU1 Antibiotics can treat the following condition(s): Fever and sore throat for a day; Fever with running nose; Inflammation/Swelling; Common cough and wheezing; Influenza; None of the above 23 (9.8) 118 (50.4) 101 (43.2)  < 0.001
KU2 Viral infections can be treated by taking antibiotics 60 (25.6) 206 (88.0) 188 (80.3)  < 0.001
KU3 Taking antibiotics early can prevent myself from infection/illness 106 (45.3) 195 (83.3) 194 (82.9)  < 0.001
KU4 Taking antibiotics for common cough and wheezing can help me to recover faster as compared to not taking any 90 (38.5) 172 (73.5) 171 (73.1)  < 0.001
KU5 Taking a low dose of antibiotic is better than not taking any dose 85 (36.3) 170 (72.6) 166 (70.9)  < 0.001
KU6 Antibiotic resistant bacteria can be spread from one person to another 112 (47.8) 201 (85.9) 190 (81.2)  < 0.001
  1. *Mc Nemar test was performed to analyse the difference between Pre vs P1, P1 vs P2 and Pre vs P2. The p values for Pre-intervention vs Post-intervention (immediate) and Pre-intervention vs Post-2-weeks-intervention were presented in the table (p < 0.001). p values for Post-intervention (immediate) vs Post-2-weeks-intervention were insignificant for all questions (p > 0.05) except for question ‘antibiotic can treat the following condition’ (p = 0.022) and ‘viral infection can be treated by antibiotic’ (p = 0.004) where the reduction in correct responses between Post-intervention (immediate) and Post 2-weeks-intervention is significant