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Table 2 Prescription indicators using WHO core indicators and Africa Region

From: Prescribing practices using WHO prescribing indicators and factors associated with antibiotic prescribing in six community pharmacies in Asmara, Eritrea: a cross-sectional study

Prescribing indicators assessed Total medicines or encounters Average or percent WHO Optimal Value [1] Standard derived for Africa region [2]
Average number of medicines per encounter 1056 1.76 1.6–1.8 < 2
Percentage of encounter with antibiotics 318 53.0% 20–26.8 45.9
Percentage of encounter with injection 47 7.80% 13.4–24.1 28.4
Percentage of medicines prescribed by generic 878 83.14% 100 65.1
Percentage of medicines from essential medicine list 1039 98.39% 100 89