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Table 3 Matched LOS and inflation-adjusted HAI cost by age group and admission ward

From: Prospective surveillance of healthcare associated infections in a Cambodian pediatric hospital

  Matched cases/controls (n) Control median LOS (days) Case median LOS (days) p-value Extra LOS per HAI (days) Total LOS due to HAI (days) Cost per patient-day (US$) Extra cost per HAI (US$) Total cost due to HAI (US$)
ICU
  < 1 m 25/50 7 30 <0.0001 23 575 184.5 4,243.5 106,088
 1–11 m 15/30 6 32 <0.0001 26 390 184.5 4,797 71,955
 1–4 years 6/12 3.5 22 0.003 18.5 111 184.5 3,413.25 20,480
  > 5 years 8/16 4.5 36 0.01 31.5 252 184.5 5,843.25 46,746
IPD
  < 1 m 2/4 3.5 37.5 0.1 34 68 130 4,420 8,840
 1–11 m 13/26 3.5 17 <0.0001 13.5 175.5 130 1,755 22,815
 1–4 years 13/26 3.5 11 <0.0001 7.5 97.5 130 975 12,675
  > 5 years 11/22 5 12 0.003 7 77 130 910 10,010
  1. NICU cases were considered within the ICU group, SCBU cases were considered within the IPD group; p-values were derived using the Wilcoxon rank-sum test to compare median LOS
  2. HAI Healthcare associated infection, ICU intensive care unit, IPD in-patient department, LOS length of stay, m months of age, n number of patients, NICU neonatal intensive care unit, SCBU special care baby unit, US$ United States dollar, yr years of age