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Seasonal variations on prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella isolated from dogs in Khon Kaen province, Northeast Thailand


Salmonella spp. can be isolated from healthy dogs at rates of up to 36% and they tend to shed Salmonella organisms to feces for very prolonged periods of time after infection.


To describe Salmonella isolated from dogs and to investigate their antimicrobial resistance based on seasons in Khon Kaen province, Thailand.


During 2012-2013, 428 fecal samples were collected from dogs by rectal swab in 3 seasons (winter, summer and rainy). All samples were examined for Salmonella spp. isolation and identification by ISO 6597:2002. To assess the prevalence of antimicrobial resistant patterns was done using disk diffusion technique among 7 antimicrobials.


Salmonella contaminated to dogs feces in winter, summer and rainy seasons were 13.6%, 13.1% and 9.3%, respectively. The identified most found serovars in winter, summer and rainy seasons were S. Give (23.5%), S. Typhimurium (40%) and S. Weltevreden (21.4%), respectively. Highly resistant amplicillin, sulfamethoxazole/trimetroprim and tetracycline Salmonella spp. isolated from dogs were 52%, 24% and 48%, respectively.


Salmonella spp. can be detected in dogs without any overt clinical signs indicating possible carrier state that can be spread to their owners especially in children. Therefore, to avoid carrier state in pets, sanitary and health management is crucial for their owners. Ongoing multi-provincial investigation should be encouraged to better understand the reasons for these observed seasonal variations.

Disclosure of interest

None declared.


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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Sringam, P., Angkititrakul, S. Seasonal variations on prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella isolated from dogs in Khon Kaen province, Northeast Thailand. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 4 (Suppl 1), P140 (2015).

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